Asciano

Asciano is a town of 7,000 inhabitants in the province of Siena, located about 20 km south-east of the capital, in the heart of the Crete Senesi. More precisely, it is located between the wooded hills of Lecceto, from which spring the first waters of the river ace, and the upper valley of the river Ombrone.

In its territory flourished numerous Etruscan communities of which there are traces since the fifth century. C. It is evident witness the finds of the necropolis of Poggio Pinel and the Molinello.

In the first century of the Roman Empire the fundus axianus passed to Domitii, who built a villa with spa on a promontory bordered by two rivers. The country was born in the shadow of this patrician villa whose ownership is documented by an inscription on the stamp factory of a Roman mosaic still exists.

In Lombard times Asciano was a "curtis regia" and dominated by a castle, sat the steward, built on the hill where today stands the magnificent church of St. Francis. Under the domination of the Carolingian feud was Axianum accounts of Scialenga, Franco-Salic law.

After the vicissitudes of the wars between Siena and Asciano, the Cacciaconti gave the castle of 'Sejanus, the Republic of Siena (definitely in 1197). His unit with Siena was consolidated by participation in the battle of Montaperti (1260), conducted by the Sienese Ghibellines victoriously against the Florentine Guelphs. In the decade 1342-1352 the Sienese encircled the castle of Asciano new walls and fortifications.

The last year of the free Siena Republican (1555), which was besieged and conquered by the imperial troops of the Marquis of Marignano, also marked the passage of Asciano to the Medici of Florence, to the succession of Lorraine. In this period the trade prospered and the "arts"; was flourishing agriculture. Further progress, both in the economic and social, were made in the Lorraine period (1737-1860).

The railway, the first in Tuscany and among the first in Italy, Asciano reached on September 11, 1859.

The current center of medieval origins, preserves many valuable monuments. The vast agricultural area of ​​the town of Asciano is characterized by a succession of biancane and gullies that form the enchanting landscape of the Crete Senesi, similar to that of the moon.












On the flowering of May


Castle Leonina at sunset